Understanding French Education System – Education System In France

Education System In France

French Education System – Education System In France

Every nation has a different educational system since there are so many variables to take into account. The French educational system is particularly well-known for being complex when it comes to the many categories and types of diplomas and tests. The best country for overseas students to pursue higher education is currently France. The number of overseas students enrolling in French higher education increased by 10.4% between 2017 and 2020.

Many international students from all over the world are drawn to France because of its renowned international education system. The French education system is well renowned for its high intellectual focus. For instance, there aren’t any school dances or notable events, no posters like you see at other schools in Europe, and there aren’t a lot of extracurricular activities, at least ones that are tied to the school (they don’t have much funding because the tuition is so cheap or not charged at all). It is pretty normal in the French university system to require students to repeat the academic year if they do not receive the average grades needed to pass the classes.

France is a preferred area for student living due to its diversity, tourist attractions, and social scene. This blog contains all the information you need for reference if you also plan to extend your study through the French educational system.

Education System In France

Regarding the French educational system, the former is separated into three phases: primary, secondary, and higher education. Let’s explore each of them individually:

Primary Education In France

A student’s initial step toward education is the elementary education system. The enrollment age is three years old and up. However, children in France must enrol in educational institutions by the age of six. The kids’ age ranges range from 6 to 11 years old, and the length of time to study in France is five years.

Secondary Education In France

Students will join the high school category after completing their primary education. The French education system is organized into two phases at this place:

  • The college- A maximum of four years will be spent studying here. After finishing, students continue on to Lycee and get a brevet des Colleges. Upon completion, students are given a “brevet des colleges.”
  • Lycee- For the final three years of secondary education, the student must attend the lycée (high school). After that, students must pass a test to get the baccalaureat (bac) degree (high school diploma).

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Higher Education In France

Students who have finished the aforementioned requirements fall under the higher education category. There are two phases within this category of the French education system as well:

Vocational Diploma: DUT (diplome Universitaire de Technologie) and BTS are available in the two-year vocational diploma in technology (Brevet de technician Superieur). Students will need one more year of study before they may get their professional licences. Students can claim their BTS from high school, and universities will grant them a DUT.

Academic Diploma: The higher education system in France is divided into three categories-

  • Universities: The majority of the French university system is provided by public institutions. They provide three different types of study degrees: Licence, Master, and Doctorate. In the French education system, these study degrees are known as cycles. Students must have a baccalaureate or an equivalent to be eligible.
  • Grandes Ecoles: Grandes Ecoles operate similarly to a university, with both public and private institutions present. They are regarded as elite higher education. There are 3000 high schools in France that provide this type of education. Students will complete a specialized course of study and graduate with a Master’s degree. To be eligible, students must have a baccalaureate and have completed two years of programme preparatory courses.
  • Specialized Schools: The majority of specialized schools are provided by public and private institutions. These institutes offer licence and Master’s degrees with the primary goal of developing students’ skills for their chosen career path.

Important Considerations for International Students Applying To The French Education System:

  • When submitting one‘s application forms, students must provide an attestation.
  • When applying for a study programme, international students will take a proficiency test in the language of instruction (For French- DELF, DALF, TCF, TEF) ( For English- IELTS, TOEFL iBT, PTE)


Is France’s educational system good?

Yes, France’s education system is internationally recognized, and many international students choose this country to further their education.

Where is France ranked in terms of Education?

According to World Population Review, the French education system is among the top five best in the world.

Is France a good destination for international students?

Yes, France is a popular destination for international students because, in addition to its rich culture and welcoming diversity, the country provides a superior education in all fields.

Can I study in France without knowing French?

Yes, you can continue to participate in the French higher education system because the majority of educational institutions here teach English. However, learning the local language is preferable for effective communication.


The French education system aims to help students develop the necessary skills and knowledge to succeed in any career opportunity. According to the french education system ranking, France is home to 32 QS World University Ranking in 2022 alone. While we are aware of the beauty of French culture, it is also time to consider their valuable educational system.


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