Minimum Wage In The UK – All What You Need To Know [Explained]

Minimum Wage In The UK - All What You Need To Know [Explained]

Minimum Wage In The UK

The national minimum wage is the lowest hourly amount to which workers are legally entitled. This covers part-time, flexible, agency workers, persons with zero-hour contracts, and people working through apprenticeship programs, with the exception of those who are entirely self-employed. There are varied fees for each age group starting at 16 years old. The government sets these pricing, which are reviewed annually. The UK’s minimum wage is raised each year in April in accordance with the impartial Low Pay Commission’s recommendations.

Employers are obligated by law to pay the National Minimum Wage, regardless of size. Updated instructions on how to calculate the minimum wage and information on how to ensure that you are paying your employees at least that amount have been made available by the government. Employers are required to pay their employees a minimum wage in the UK. This blog will define it and show you how to determine if you are receiving at least the UK national minimum wage.

UK Minimum Wage Per Hour

The amount a person can make in the UK varies depending on the type of work they choose, the hours they spend there, their age, and their level of expertise. The number of hours someone put in at work affects the minimum wage in the UK.

You’re entitled to be paid the national minimum salary in the UK if:

1 You’re an employee – this means you work for someone else and receive a regular wage or salary from them, rather than being self-employed (for example, as a freelancer or consultant).
2 Your employment is “commercial”—that is, it’s not domestic service in your own home or voluntary work for charity. The exception is where there’s a family relationship between you and your employer; in these circumstances, they don’t have to pay the minimum wage.

1 Rishi Sunak Chancellor of the

Rates Of Minimum Wage In The UK

The minimum hourly wage in the UK changed as of 1 April 2022. The following amended UK hourly rates will apply:

1 The minimum hourly wage for anyone above the age of 23 is £9.50.
2 The minimum hourly wage is £9.18 for anyone between the ages of 21 and 22
3 The minimum hourly wage for those between the ages of 18 and 20 is £6.83
4 The minimum wage in the UK for people above the age of 18 but under the age of 20 is £4.81 per hour
5 The minimum hourly wage for apprentices is £4.81 for those between the ages of 16 and 18 (or for those over nineteen who are in their first year of college).

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An apprentice is qualified to receive the apprentice rate of the applicable UK minimum wage per hour if they are under the age of 19 or have completed the first year of their apprenticeship. If they are older than 19, however, they are qualified to receive the full UK minimum wage for their age group.

National Minimum Wage For International Students

After obtaining a student visa for the UK, foreign students are eligible for the same national wage as the country’s inhabitants. The same regulations apply to part-time and full-time workers. Get a Master’s degree in the subject of your choice to increase your knowledge and earn more than the UK minimum wage.

Calculating The Minimum Wage Pay

Making ensuring an employee receives at least the required minimum pay for all hours that count is crucial when figuring out their minimum wage. Regardless of whether the employee is paid on a monthly basis or hourly, this is true.

The number of hours that an employee is entitled to be paid for each payment period must be totaled by the employer. This number must then be divided by the total amount of pay to establish if the employee is receiving at least the minimum wage. If this amount is below the required national minimum wage for that employee or exceeds it, the employee’s compensation must be increased.

Penalties For Non-Compliance

Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs is responsible for enforcing the National Minimum Wage and the National Living Wage in the United Kingdom (HMRC). They can compel nonpayment by disseminating a notice of underpayment. This will establish the arrears of pay that must be paid as well as the penalty, which is set at 100% of the total underpayment of the national minimum pay in the UK, with a minimum penalty of £100 and a maximum penalty of £20,000.

You can seek assistance and guidance from the Advisory, Conciliation, and Arbitration Service (ACAS) if you believe your employer is not paying you at least the federally mandated minimum wage. You can also get in touch with the trading standards division of your local government. If your employer doesn’t pay the minimum wage, your local authorities may be able to take action against them.


1. How long is a working day in the UK?

The Working Time Regulations of 1998 govern working hours in the UK. These are restricted to an average of 48 hours per week and an average of 8 hours each working day. Additionally, they grant employees and workers the right to paid time off and designated rest periods.

2. How many days off do UK workers get?

Most workers who work a 5-day week must receive at least 28 days‘ paid annual leave a year. This is the equivalent of 5.6 weeks of holiday.

3. What is a good salary UK?

The average UK wage in 2021 was £38,131 for a full-time position and £13,549 for a part-time position, according to the ONS. This is a modest decline from the average UK pay in 2020 when the full-time average salary was £38,552 and the part-time average was £13,819.


Employers in the UK are required by law to pay employees who are above 18 the minimum wage. It’s critical to understand both your legal rights and your employer’s obligations to pay you what you’re due. A working person in the United Kingdom should be paid the UK minimum wage per hour, depending on their age and whether they are an apprentice or not. In the event of any salary inequality, one can also contact the ACAS helpdesk for confidential legal advice.


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